Websites have become the essential part of any type of personal or commercial endeavor. Through website vital information can be shared with the target audience without much efforts being invested. The main criteria of building a website is its user friendly design and lacunas in this regard can take away the prospective customers. Hence every person or organizations spends considerable amounts of time and money in creating good websites with excellent design aesthetics. At the same time, user navigation also an important aspect that cannot be set aside by the webmasters. In order to achieve these two crucial parameters, at times, they tend to overlook another sensitive aspect i.e. web security.
Like how a physical security is essential to protect the assets and valuables, website security should be the paramount concern for the webmasters. This becomes highly critical for commercial ventures like e-Commerce websites who would be dealing with high value transactions as part of their service offerings.
Any damage done to the website and database could lead to several legal complications and organizations might have to pay huge penalties to the customers on account of loss of sensitive data. Hence the webmasters must focus on the website security and should never compromise on it for the sake of building a website with great designs.
In the present scenario where the web security has become a specialized subject, many specialists those who got their online degree in information security are available for full time or part time work.
Salient aspects of Web Security
- Website security is not a one-time event but an on-going process. Hence webmasters should keep themselves abreast of latest developments happening in web security sphere.
- Web security should become part of the design and should never be taken up as a separate work.
- Secure the database by changing its prefix. For e.g. if a WordPress based website uses the default prefix of ‘wp’, any street smart hacker can gain an easy access into the database.
- Strong passwords need to be used everywhere and more importantly for admin panels and databases.
- Files and folder permissions must be set up diligently.
- Root access, if left loosely secured, can create huge problems like uploading of malicious codes. Hence this access must be restricted to the desired people only.
- Emails are the sources of virus infections hence the admin emails must be scanned frequently and must have spam assassin software.
- All anti-virus, anti-spam and anti-phishing software tools must be upgraded from time to time.
- .htaccess file is the critical program file that specifies the security restrictions. Hence this file must be checked for any possible corruptions and to be protected from accidental erases.
- If CMS tools like Joomla or Drupal are being used, the webmasters can check and download useful security plugins.
- CMS users should not download and install every module or plug-in as some of them could have been written to install malware.
- Regular backups of the database must be taken and need to be stored on external hard disks for easy retrieval.
There are many other tips that need to take care of by the webmasters but if the above points are taken into consideration one can have a good website having the best of the web security in place.